India and Russia to join hands for Rooppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh


India to join Russia to build the Rooppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh, the first initiative under a Indo-Russian deal to undertake atomic energy projects in third countries, Sekhar Basu, Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Department of Atomic Energy said at the 61st general conference of the global nuclear watchdog International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

“We are collaborating with our Russian and Bangladeshi partners on establishing Rooppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh,” Basu said. This will also be India’s first atomic energy venture abroad.

Basu’s remarks are significant given that the Indian nuclear establishment for years has not been able to grow, internationally, due to sanctions imposed on New Delhi post the 1974 Pokhran tests. It was, however, not clear what kind of “collaboration” India was doing since it is not a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group – a 48 member grouping that controls the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nukes.

According to the December 2014 ‘Strategic Vision for Strengthening Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy’ between India and Russia, the “two sides will explore opportunities for sourcing materials, equipment and services from Indian industry for the construction of the Russian-designed nuclear power plants in third countries”.

India signed a civil nuclear cooperation deal, along with two more agreements, with Bangladesh in April under which the two sides can supply and manufacture equipment, material for the atomic power plant. The Rooppur project, which is being built by the Russians near Dhaka, will be Bangladesh’s first atomic energy project.

After commissioning of two units, each with a capacity of 1200 MWs, Bangladesh will be the third South Asian country after India and Pakistan to harness energy from atomic fission.

Cooperation in N-power and radioisotopes

Former Director of Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Shivram Bhoje, while speaking to Nuclear Asia said: “Russia, India and Bangladesh can cooperate in nuclear power and applications of radioisotopes. Economic development of Bangladesh depends on reliable energy resources available to them. Definitely nuclear power will help in this regard.”

“Training in complicated technology is essential. Training of Bangladeshi specialists at
Kudankulam nuclear power plant in India will be economically beneficial and language wise acceptable,” Bhoje added enumerating the benefits of technology training for Bangladesh’s specialists in India.

Nuclear power in India

The Indian government has approved construction of 10 new indigenously built nuclear power projects, Basu informed the IAEA. “With these reactors we will now have 21 reactors under construction and 22 reactors in operation. This will increase the capacity to over 22,000 MW by the end of next decade,” he said.

To cater to the needs of the country’s expanding nuclear power programme, the Department of Atomic Energy is also stepping up exploration and mining operations for uranium production, Basu added.